American creator and Nobel Prize winner Toni Morrison was born on at the present time in historical past, Feb. 18, 1931.
Morrison was born the second of 4 kids in Lorain, Ohio, and was given the delivery identify Chloe Anthony Wofford, in line with the Nationwide Girls’s Historical past Museum.
As a toddler, Morrison targeted on her research and have become an avid reader.
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She was a member of her college’s debate group and yearbook employees and went on to turn out to be the pinnacle librarian on the Lorain Public Library.
Morrison transformed to Catholicism on the age of 12 and was baptized beneath the identify Anthony after Saint Anthony of Padua — taking the nickname Toni, the Nationwide Girls’s Historical past Museum studies.
In 1949, Morrison moved to Washington, D.C., to attend Howard College, a traditionally Black faculty.
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Morrison ceaselessly toured the then-racially segregated south with the college’s theatrical group known as the Howard College Gamers.
Morrison graduated along with her bachelor’s diploma in English and furthered her schooling at Cornell College the place she earned her Grasp of Arts diploma in English.
After graduating in 1955, Morrison went on to show English at Texas Southern College, however then returned to show at Howard College.
Upon returning to her alma mater, Morrison taught civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael and met her husband, Harold Morrison.
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Morrison taught at Howard for seven years earlier than accepting a job as an editor for textbooks at Random Home publishing in Syracuse, New York.
Two years later, Morrison moved to the corporate’s New York Metropolis department and commenced enhancing fiction and books written by Black authors.
Morrison printed her first e book, “The Bluest Eye,” at 39 years previous in 1970.
This e book was adopted by her second novel, “Sula,” and her third, “Tune of Solomon,” in 1977, which turned Morrison right into a family identify, in line with the museum.
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In 1987, Morrison launched her novel, “Beloved,” primarily based on the true story of an enslaved lady.
This e book was a bestseller for 25 consecutive weeks — and received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
Morrison grew to become the primary Black lady to be introduced with the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993.
She was additionally honored with the Nationwide E-book Basis’s Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters three years later.
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“Beloved” was tailored into a movie in 1998, starring main gamers like Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, Thandiwe Newton and Kimberly Elise.
Whereas persevering with her writing profession, Morrison labored as a professor within the Artistic Writing Program at Princeton College and wrote kids’s books along with her son.
Morrison obtained an honorary doctorate diploma from the College of Oxford, in line with the museum, and was constantly praised for her work.
In 2000, the Library of Congress named Morrison a Dwelling Legend, the Nationwide Girls’s Historical past Museum studies.
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She additionally earned the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012 — the identical month she printed her final e book along with her son.
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Morrison died on August 5, 2019, in New York after problems with pneumonia.